They argue that understanding the impact of artificial intelligence and transhumanism is serious business. When we read the work of MIRI, books like Our Final Invention, or Ray Kurzweil’s writings, we see the stakes are high for both benefits and risks. Differences in opinion cause tensions to run strong between scientists, futurists, and business leaders.
At first glance, this seriousness suggests the tropes of science fiction could lead to trivialization of the singularity or more disinformation than useful discourse. Indeed, I’ve experienced people in the field of machine intelligence scoffing at the idea of reading science fiction.
But I’d like to argue there are good reasons why science fiction adds value to the discussion on the technological singularity.
1. Fiction is widely accessible and enables learning without the feeling of being lectured. The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement
is one of the best selling business books of all time with more than two million books sold and is a staple of MBA courses. Although it’s written in the form of a fictional novel, it does a great job of explaining the concepts behind lean manufacturing and the theory of constraints. The Phoenix Project
by Gene Kim is a novel that does the same for the field of IT management, and the just released Uncommon Stock
by Eliot Peper teaches startup entrepreneurship. By presenting lessons in the realm of fiction, readers can acquire new ideas during their recreation time. Learning can also happen without provoking the defensive measures some people have when confronted with new information. Numerous studies have shown the human mind is wired to hear and remember stories
, making storytelling the most effective mode of persuasion and communication.
2. Science fiction invites the exploration of ideas and expands the range of what people see as possible.
I often see comments on Avogadro Corp
, my novel about the emergence of AI, that it stretches their idea of what’s plausible or requires a suspension of disbelief. I’m somewhat shocked by this reaction, because Avogadro Corp
is intended to reflect reality as close as possible. What I’ve gradually come to realize over several years is that I have two sets of readers: those that have a habit of reading science fiction, and those who are reading it perhaps for the first time. The latter group isn’t used to considering ideas in the wide-open-acceptance way that many readers of science fiction are. A frequent consumer of science fiction, for example, isn’t flummoxed when a story takes place on a spaceship. They accept the initial idea, and then quickly move on to explore the implications: What would it mean to live on a spaceship? How would society be impacted? What are the cultural norms on a closed environment? More frequent reading of science fiction encourages this playful exploration of ideas and their impact. This game of “what if” is crucial to the consideration of new ideas and new technology.
3. Science fiction makes it easier to understand complex ideas.
Because the writer controls the story, they can choose setting, ideas, and characters that enhance the readers ability to understand complex ideas. Charles Stross
, for example, explores the themes of economics and finance throughout many of his books. Readers may get a better understanding of the Bitcoin protocol by reading Neptune’s Brood
than any non-fiction.
4. Science fiction may be imprecise, but so is real life. Critics of science fiction often complain about the many ways that scifi books get real science wrong. But when listening to the Singularity 1 on 1 podcast, I see there are almost as many definitions of singularity as there are people interviewed. Even so, by listening to many podcasts over time, I can gain a richer understanding of the relevant concepts, and identify what is common and what is an outlier. Similarly, any one science fiction work may contain errors, but by reading many fictional works about the singularity, a reader can gain a more nuanced understanding of the topic.
5. Familiarity reduces hysteria. Despite the prevalence of fiction about AI talking over the world, for the most part, people aren’t freaking out about it. That’s because there’s also plenty of fiction that depicts the opposite side of the coin (a few examples include Asimov’s robots, Data from Star Trek, and the Star Wars androids). They’ve had time to acclimate to the notion. Compare this to a topic like GMOs, and you can see that what we don’t know scares us. Whether the fear is justified or not, most people react to the idea emotionally rather than logically.
If you don’t read science fiction, give it a try. If you do, tell your friends about it. And if you’re a scientist or researcher working in the field, don’t just slam singularity fiction. Instead, give it a fair chance and comment on what the author got right and wrong. Most authors want to get their science right and love getting expert feedback.
If you’ve never read singularity fiction, here are a few books I love:
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